Dr. Anant Gupta has the following 3 specializations:
A pulmonologist is specialists who diagnose and treat conditions that affect the respiratory system in men, women and also in children. They are also known as a respiratory physician. Pulmonologists treat everything from asthma to tuberculosis, and they have expertise in several types of respiratory disorders like infectious, structural, inflammatory, neoplastic, autoimmune. Pulmonologists can use and interpret exams and tests to help determine a lung-related diagnosis. They begin the diagnostic process with a general review focusing on hereditary diseases affecting lungs, exposure to toxins, exposure to infectious agents, an autoimmune diathesis.
A sleep specialist is a professional medical doctor who has completed further training and education in the area of sleep medicine. Sleep medicine focuses on sleep, sleep-related conditions, sleep disorders including excessive snoring, sleep apnea, insomnia, narcolepsy (chronic, uncontrollable daytime sleepiness). They have a subspecialty within several medical specialties, including pulmonology, neurology, psychiatry, and internal medicine. They also diagnose and treat parasomnias (abnormal events occuring during sleep) such as bedwetting, nightmares, periodic limb movement disorder, sleep paralysis, sleepwalking, teeth grinding.
Somnology is the field which involves scientific study of sleep. It includes diagnoses, treatment, and study of sleep irregularities and disorders. Somnologists are the doctors trained or educated in diagnosing and treating sleep disorders. They diagnose patients by asking the patients to record a two-week sleep diary that involves the details of how much time they sleep and how their sleep was interrupted. Along with this, the doctor also performs the physical examination of the lung, throat, and heart. To solve the issues regarding sleep, patients need to change their lifestyle by exercising, losing weight, darkening their rooms, or cutting back on coffee.